It is well known that the fact of children overweight and obese is an indicator of nutrition problems and may cause serious health and social outcomes that will influence the process of growing up. Today, every third child, will its 10-th year weights too much or suffers from the obese.
The idea that mother’s diet may improve kid’s health pushed a group of researchers to find out more.
According to the most recent research made by Technical University of Munich (TUM) on preventative weight management during pregnancy, in which the stage of fetal development was on the sharpest point of the interest of scientists, the truth may differ from the things scientists and common people were convinced in.
For a long time, it was believed that consumption of fish oil, which contains a huge amount of omega – 3 fatty acids, may prevent a child becoming over weighed in the future.
In order to check this theory a group of scientists from TUM gathered the results of previous researches on this topic and came out with the idea of gathering a target group of 208 (32 years old in average) for participation in the experiment of this study, which was supervised by Prof. Hans Hauner, a member of the Chair of Nutritional Medicine at the Technical University of Munich.
It should be mentioned that Professor Hauner was interested in proving this theory as it could give mothers a chance to protect their infants from overweight (obese) from the very first day of theirs lives.
During the experiment, women were divided into two equal groups. The first group was asked to stick to the usual diet, while the second group regularly was fed by the products rich in omega-3 along with a strong decrease of the meat in daily ration, which is rich in omega-6 fatty acids.
By the way, omega-6 fatty acids are being believed to be a forming element of infantile fat cells.
These diets were held starting from 12th pregnancy week until the 4th week of lactation. The accuracy of the experiment was provided by the three various methods, amongst which was ultrasound survey, the thickness of the skin fold measurement and MRS, in order to measure the amount of fat in the abdominal cavity.
These examinations took place once a year before the children turned their fifth year, which were gathered into INFAT study that became the first study to bring together a very accurate and actual data, gathered during a significant time period.
Apparently, the study showed that the omega-3 diet has no special effect on the amount of fat or weight of children, regardless of their age diapason. This successful research proves that previous studies that claimed omega-3 fatty acids as a cure against obese or overweight, unfortunately, has nothing to do with the actual lie of the land and the use of such diets will doubtfully bring any positive results.
Although, there is a hypothesis that possibly such diet may provide a positive influence on the infant’s health and immune system while being used during the early stages of the pregnancy, which will be researched during the further studies.